A digital rectal examination DRE is a simple procedure doctors use to examine the lower rectum and other internal organs. A DRE is done for a number of reasons. It can detect conditions like an enlarged prostate benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer. Read more: What do you want to know about enlarged prostate BPH? The prostate is a walnut-sized organ that supplies some of the semen released during male ejaculation.
Digital rectal examination DRE; Latin : palpatio per anum , PPA is an internal examination of the rectum , performed by a healthcare provider. The digital rectal examination is a relatively simple medical procedure. The patient undresses and is then placed in a position where the anus is accessible lying on the side, squatting on the examination table, bent over it, or lying down with feet in stirrups. The physician spreads the buttocks apart and will usually examine the external area anus and perineum for any abnormalities such as hemorrhoids , lumps, or rashes. Then, as the patient relaxes and bears down as if having a bowel movement , the physician slips a lubricated finger into the rectum through the anus and palpates the insides for a short time.
NCBI Bookshelf. Boston: Butterworths; A wag once remarked, with considerable truth, that a consultant is a doctor who makes a rectal examination. Rectal examination consists of visual inspection of the perianal skin, digital palpation of the rectum, and assessment of neuromuscular function of the perineum. The clinical situation and experience of the examiner will often dictate which of several methods to employ in performing the rectal examination.